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Glossary

A

  • Analysis Screen

    The view in the Brainstorming Modules that has suggestions on the left, derived from Functional Concepts and Inventive Principles, and an Ideas/Solutions clipboard on the right.

  • Augmented Brainstorming

    Ideation that is supported by AI-generated suggestions.

B

  • Brainstorming Modules

    “Solve a Problem” and “Improve a System” the two workflows that help you describe your inventive situation and lead to the Analysis Screen.

C

  • Combined Word Count

    The total number of words used in the Problem and Solution description. We recommend at least 25 words.

  • Company Filter

    A keyword search filter that will limit your results to documents that match the input value in the current assignee field.

  • Compensation

    A problem-solving method that applies after the failure mode occurs but prevents (i.e. compensates for) the ultimate Failure Effect.

  • Concept Evaluation

    An analysis of the quality of your invention description based on technical content and grammar.

D

  • Description Scores

    The Combined Word Count and Technical Reading Level taken collectively as feedback on the quality of the Problem/Solution description.

E

  • Elements

    A key part of a system description, used in Improve a System. The system elements are comprised of components, materials, parts, subsystems, energy, fields. Some also include space occupied and time needed for operations to complete.

F

  • Failure Effect

    The ultimate consequence of a failure occurring in your system.

  • Failure Mode

    The proximate or immediate failure observed in a system. Failures are any errors or defects, especially ones that affect the customer and can be potential or actual.

  • Field

    The higher-level technology taxonomy used to guide the AI analysis and to choose the most relevant examples used for Inventive Principles.

  • Functional Concepts

    Problem-solving suggestions or concepts derived from published United States patent applications.

I

  • Ideas

    Proposed fixes to a technical problem. Ideas should be generated quickly with no filtering or criticism. Later the ideas can be fully described and combined with other ideas to formulate a complete Solution.

  • Interactions

    Interactions between components/elements are used in Improve a System as part of a system description. Interactions, by definition, change the state or some measurable property of the object receiving the interaction.

  • Invention Disclosure

    Made up of Title, Abstract, Description, and (optionally) Claims; the Invention Disclosure can be taken from a published patent application or from an unpublished description of the invention that includes the required elements.

  • Inventive Principles

    Abstract suggestions for how to solve an inventive problem represented as an engineering or physical contradiction. Inventive Principles were extracted and formulated on the basis of extensive studies of diverse documents describing inventions (such as patents) and innovations.

K

  • Keyword Filter

    A simple text-based search filter that will limit your results to documents that have an exact match to the input value in the document text.

  • Keywords

    Keywords are AI-generated technical concepts and terms from the problem/solution description. They should be examined to understand if the AI interpreted your description as you intended.

M

  • Mitigation

    A problem-solving method that applies after the failure effect has occurred but reduces the harm caused by the failure effect.

P

  • Patent Activity

    A time trend chart showing the patent counts for patents relevant to the Problem/Solution description over the most recent 10 years for top 10 companies.

  • Persistent Content

    These are the parts of an Augmented Brainstorming analysis that are shareable, including the Problem description, all Ideas and Solutions, and any bookmarked suggestions. Note that every time an analysis is continued, the Functional Concepts and Inventive Principles are renewed and are therefore not considered persistent.

  • Prevention

    A problem-solving method that applies before the failure mode and may lead to eliminating or blocking a root cause and thereby preventing the failure mode or failure effects from occurring.

  • Primary Function

    The key property, function, or product produced by the system; the purpose of the technical system. The Primary Function should be a part of a system description, used in Improve a System.

  • Problem

    A situation that requires either a new technical system to deliver a new and useful Primary Function or an improvement to an existing technical system that prevents a Failure Mode or Failure Effect.

R

  • Related Terms

    AI-generated technical terms from the problem description can be used to represent additional problem-solving resources. They are used in conjunction with abstract Inventive Principles to make concrete problem-solving suggestions.

  • Relevant Patents

    The top 10 semantically related patent results derived from a search of the world’s patent database. These results can be modified by adding a Keyword Filter or Company Filter.

  • Root Cause

    The initiating cause or underlying event that results in either a failure or a causal chain that leads to a Failure Effect.

S

  • Sample Description

    A snippet of text that is related to the chosen Field and Subfield . While very generic, the sample description can be used to help start describing the system when using Improve a System.

  • Solutions

    Proposed counter-measures or inventions, typically integrating several ideas, that can eliminate a technical problem.

  • Sub-field

    The lower level technology taxonomy used to guide the AI analysis and to choose the most relevant examples used with Inventive Principles.

  • System

    A system is a structured set of elements that interact to produce useful properties and functions that serve human needs.

T

  • Technical Concepts

    AI-generated keywords that come from the search result documents most closely related to the problem/solution description. Technical Concepts should be examined to understand if the AI interpreted your description as you intended.

  • Technical Reading Level

    The Gunning Fog index, a calculation based on sentence length and the percentage of complex words, to score the readability of the Problem/Solutions description.

  • Trending Keywords

    Keywords that are derived from an AI analysis of the search result documents most closely related to the problem/solution description to reveal old trends that are falling out of favor and new trends that are rising.

  • TRIZ

    Also known as the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, TRIZ is a scientific and applied discipline that comprises studying directions of technical systems evolution and a process of inventive problem-solving in order to develop methods and tools to support the innovative improvement of the technical systems based on a systematic and knowledge-based approach.

U

  • Uniqueness Score

    A measure of the uniqueness of the Problem/Solution description when compared to the semantically closest document in the worldwide patent database. Higher scores indicate greater uniqueness of the underlying ideas. An idea with a low score represents a small improvement over competitive technology.

5

  • 5-Whys
    An iterative interrogative technique used to explore the cause-and-effect relationships underlying a particular problem. The primary goal of the technique is to determine the root cause of a defect or problem by repeating the question “Why?”. Each answer forms the basis of the next question. The “five” in the name derives from an anecdotal observation of the number of iterations needed to resolve the problem.